Happy Birthday Jules Verne!

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Three days ago (February 8th) was Jules Verne’s 187th birthday! For those of you who don’t know, Verne is the author of Around the World in 80 Days, Journey to the Center of the Earth, and (my personal favorite) 20,000 Leagues under the Sea, just to name a few. In honor of this famous author’s birthday, I’m posting the first chapter of 20,000 Leagues under the Sea. Hurray! I hope you guys enjoy it, and if you want more, you can read the whole book for free by clicking on THIS LINK.

 

CHAPTER I

A SHIFTING REEF

The year 1866 was signalised by a remarkable incident, a mysterious and puzzling phenomenon, which doubtless no one has yet forgotten. Not to mention rumours which agitated the maritime population and excited the public mind, even in the interior of continents, seafaring men were particularly excited. Merchants, common sailors, captains of vessels, skippers, both of Europe and America, naval officers of all countries, and the Governments of several States on the two continents, were deeply interested in the matter.

For some time past vessels had been met by “an enormous thing,” a long object, spindle-shaped, occasionally phosphorescent, and infinitely larger and more rapid in its movements than a whale.

The facts relating to this apparition (entered in various log-books) agreed in most respects as to the shape of the object or creature in question, the untiring rapidity of its movements, its surprising power of locomotion, and the peculiar life with which it seemed endowed. If it was a whale, it surpassed in size all those hitherto classified in science. Taking into consideration the mean of observations made at divers times—rejecting the timid estimate of those who assigned to this object a length of two hundred feet, equally with the exaggerated opinions which set it down as a mile in width and three in length—we might fairly conclude that this mysterious being surpassed greatly all dimensions admitted by the learned ones of the day, if it existed at all. And that it DID exist was an undeniable fact; and, with that tendency which disposes the human mind in favour of the marvellous, we can understand the excitement produced in the entire world by this supernatural apparition. As to classing it in the list of fables, the idea was out of the question.

On the 20th of July, 1866, the steamer Governor Higginson, of the Calcutta and Burnach Steam Navigation Company, had met this moving mass five miles off the east coast of Australia. Captain Baker thought at first that he was in the presence of an unknown sandbank; he even prepared to determine its exact position when two columns of water, projected by the mysterious object, shot with a hissing noise a hundred and fifty feet up into the air. Now, unless the sandbank had been submitted to the intermittent eruption of a geyser, the Governor Higginson had to do neither more nor less than with an aquatic mammal, unknown till then, which threw up from its blow-holes columns of water mixed with air and vapour.

Similar facts were observed on the 23rd of July in the same year, in the Pacific Ocean, by the Columbus, of the West India and Pacific Steam Navigation Company. But this extraordinary creature could transport itself from one place to another with surprising velocity; as, in an interval of three days, the Governor Higginson and the Columbus had observed it at two different points of the chart, separated by a distance of more than seven hundred nautical leagues.

Fifteen days later, two thousand miles farther off, the Helvetia, of the Compagnie-Nationale, and the Shannon, of the Royal Mail Steamship Company, sailing to windward in that portion of the Atlantic lying between the United States and Europe, respectively signalled the monster to each other in 42° 15′ N. lat. and 60° 35′ W. long. In these simultaneous observations they thought themselves justified in estimating the minimum length of the mammal at more than three hundred and fifty feet, as the Shannon and Helvetia were of smaller dimensions than it, though they measured three hundred feet over all.

Now the largest whales, those which frequent those parts of the sea round the Aleutian, Kulammak, and Umgullich islands, have never exceeded the length of sixty yards, if they attain that.

In every place of great resort the monster was the fashion. They sang of it in the cafes, ridiculed it in the papers, and represented it on the stage. All kinds of stories were circulated regarding it. There appeared in the papers caricatures of every gigantic and imaginary creature, from the white whale, the terrible “Moby Dick” of sub-arctic regions, to the immense kraken, whose tentacles could entangle a ship of five hundred tons and hurry it into the abyss of the ocean. The legends of ancient times were even revived.

Then burst forth the unending argument between the believers and the unbelievers in the societies of the wise and the scientific journals. “The question of the monster” inflamed all minds. Editors of scientific journals, quarrelling with believers in the supernatural, spilled seas of ink during this memorable campaign, some even drawing blood; for from the sea-serpent they came to direct personalities.

During the first months of the year 1867 the question seemed buried, never to revive, when new facts were brought before the public. It was then no longer a scientific problem to be solved, but a real danger seriously to be avoided. The question took quite another shape. The monster became a small island, a rock, a reef, but a reef of indefinite and shifting proportions.

On the 5th of March, 1867, the Moravian, of the Montreal Ocean Company, finding herself during the night in 27° 30′ lat. and 72° 15′ long., struck on her starboard quarter a rock, marked in no chart for that part of the sea. Under the combined efforts of the wind and its four hundred horse power, it was going at the rate of thirteen knots. Had it not been for the superior strength of the hull of the Moravian, she would have been broken by the shock and gone down with the 237 passengers she was bringing home from Canada.

The accident happened about five o’clock in the morning, as the day was breaking. The officers of the quarter-deck hurried to the after-part of the vessel. They examined the sea with the most careful attention. They saw nothing but a strong eddy about three cables’ length distant, as if the surface had been violently agitated. The bearings of the place were taken exactly, and the Moravian continued its route without apparent damage. Had it struck on a submerged rock, or on an enormous wreck? They could not tell; but, on examination of the ship’s bottom when undergoing repairs, it was found that part of her keel was broken.

This fact, so grave in itself, might perhaps have been forgotten like many others if, three weeks after, it had not been re-enacted under similar circumstances. But, thanks to the nationality of the victim of the shock, thanks to the reputation of the company to which the vessel belonged, the circumstance became extensively circulated.

The 13th of April, 1867, the sea being beautiful, the breeze favourable, the Scotia, of the Cunard Company’s line, found herself in 15° 12′ long. and 45° 37′ lat. She was going at the speed of thirteen knots and a half.

At seventeen minutes past four in the afternoon, whilst the passengers were assembled at lunch in the great saloon, a slight shock was felt on the hull of the Scotia, on her quarter, a little aft of the port-paddle.

The Scotia had not struck, but she had been struck, and seemingly by something rather sharp and penetrating than blunt. The shock had been so slight that no one had been alarmed, had it not been for the shouts of the carpenter’s watch, who rushed on to the bridge, exclaiming, “We are sinking! we are sinking!” At first the passengers were much frightened, but Captain Anderson hastened to reassure them. The danger could not be imminent. The Scotia, divided into seven compartments by strong partitions, could brave with impunity any leak. Captain Anderson went down immediately into the hold. He found that the sea was pouring into the fifth compartment; and the rapidity of the influx proved that the force of the water was considerable. Fortunately this compartment did not hold the boilers, or the fires would have been immediately extinguished. Captain Anderson ordered the engines to be stopped at once, and one of the men went down to ascertain the extent of the injury. Some minutes afterwards they discovered the existence of a large hole, two yards in diameter, in the ship’s bottom. Such a leak could not be stopped; and the Scotia, her paddles half submerged, was obliged to continue her course. She was then three hundred miles from Cape Clear, and, after three days’ delay, which caused great uneasiness in Liverpool, she entered the basin of the company.

The engineers visited the Scotia, which was put in dry dock. They could scarcely believe it possible; at two yards and a half below water-mark was a regular rent, in the form of an isosceles triangle. The broken place in the iron plates was so perfectly defined that it could not have been more neatly done by a punch. It was clear, then, that the instrument producing the perforation was not of a common stamp and, after having been driven with prodigious strength, and piercing an iron plate 1 3/8 inches thick, had withdrawn itself by a backward motion.

Such was the last fact, which resulted in exciting once more the torrent of public opinion. From this moment all unlucky casualties which could not be otherwise accounted for were put down to the monster.

Upon this imaginary creature rested the responsibility of all these shipwrecks, which unfortunately were considerable; for of three thousand ships whose loss was annually recorded at Lloyd’s, the number of sailing and steam-ships supposed to be totally lost, from the absence of all news, amounted to not less than two hundred!

Now, it was the “monster” who, justly or unjustly, was accused of their disappearance, and, thanks to it, communication between the different continents became more and more dangerous. The public demanded sharply that the seas should at any price be relieved from this formidable cetacean.

 

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Happy Birthday Lewis Carroll!

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I know this is irregular of me to be posting on a Tuesday, but I couldn’t pass up the chance to pay tribute to an inspiring children’s author on his birthday! That’s right, folks, 183 years ago today, Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (more famously known as Lewis Carroll) was born. So, I did a bit of digging around the internet and found a few things that I didn’t know about Mr. Carroll. Hopefully you find these little known facts as interesting as I did!

  1. Carroll taught mathematics at Oxford University. Whoever thought math and literature could mesh so well together, huh?
  2. He had ten siblings (seven sisters and three brothers) and they all played literary games together when they were children. I’m so jealous–I can’t even get my sister to play Words with Friends with me!
  3. He invented the Carroll diagram (AKA the Lewis Carroll Square)—a method of grouping data that is still taught to this day.
  4. Carroll suffered from quite a few physical and mental ailments including: a stammer, epilepsy, deafness in one ear, and ADHD—I’m never complaining about having to wear glasses again.
  5. He gave the manuscript of Alice’s Adventures Under Ground (the first version of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland) to Alice Liddell (12 at the time), in November of 1864.
  6. Queen Victoria loved Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland so much that she asked if Carroll would dedicate his next book to her. So, in 1867, Carroll sent his ‘next book’, An Elementary Treatise on Determinants to the queen. I bet Queen Victoria found it just as light-hearted and whimsical as Alice! *SARCASM*
  7. Lewis Carroll’s epitaph says: “Where I am, there shall also my servant be.”

 

For new fairy tale, Prince of Prophecy, and Writer’s Corner updates every Wednesday and Saturday, follow this blog!

Classic Literature Facts: Jules Verne

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Most who know me personally know that my favorite book in the entire world is 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, by Jules Verne. I’ve done extensive research for my fantasy/adventure novel series entitled The Prince of Prophecy (the first book in the series, Destined, is being released June 21st, 2014), but one of the authors I never really needed to research was Verne since he was born after the time period that my novels are set in. So, I decided to do a bit of “for fun” investigative work and find some interesting facts about one of my all-time famous authors, the late, great Jules Verne.

  1. Before writing novels, Verne wrote opera libretti.
  2. Verne was friends with two other great French authors, Alexandre Dumas (author of The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers), and Victor Hugo (author of Les Miserables and The Hunchback of Notre Dame). The older and more experienced Dumas and Hugo would often give Verne valuable writing advice.
  3. When Verne wrote about The Nautilus in his novel 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, electric-powered submarines didn’t exist. In fact, powered submarines wouldn’t exist until 25 years after the novel’s debut. in 1866, the first electric-powered submarine was named The Nautilus after Verne’s creation.
  4. Verne published 1 book a year for 40 years.
  5. in 1886, Verne was shot by his mentally ill nephew, Gaston, and, because he was shot in the leg, had to walk with a limp for the rest of his life.
  6. Verne based his novel Around the World in 80 Days on the true story of an American named George Francis Train who declared during his presidential campaign that he would travel around the world in 80 days or less. It took three tries, but Train eventually did manage to circle the world in under 80 days.
  7. Verne died of diabetes on March 24th, 1905.

If you like fairy tales and classic literature follow this blog for updates every Wednesday and Saturday!

Mister Barrie’s Generosity

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in 1929 J.M. Barrie granted the copyright to his play and 1911 novel Peter Pan to Great Ormond Street Hospital in London. In 2007 (70 years after Barrie’s death) Peter Pan fell under Public Domain; however, Great Ormond’s will hold the copyright to the play until 2023.

Until 2023 (and as Barrie requested) GOSH is entitled royalties from any performance of the play Peter Pan along with any subsequent derivations.

The point? Barrie must have been a truly good person to contribute in such a way to an institution responsible for the health care of others. Keep in mind that Barrie did not die until 1937, which meant that he could have still benefited from the success of his books and plays, but instead he selflessly chose to give away his crowning glory in order to help others. His generous contribution of his most famous work have no doubt helped many and saved lives.

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Frankenstein Misconceptions

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  • Though many refer to Frankenstein’s monster as “Frankenstein”, no where in the book does Victor or anyone else refer to the monster as “Frankenstein”.
  • Victor is often portrayed in movies by middle aged to elderly men, but in her book, Mary Shelly eluded to Victor being a young man in his early twenties.
  • Contrary to popular belief, Victor is not a doctor. He dropped out of college in order to pursue his obsession with creating life and never received any sort of degree or certification.
  • In the original 1818 version of Mary Shelly’s claim to fame Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus, Elizabeth (Victor’s love interest in the book) was actually Victor’s biological first cousin. Later on in the 19th century when Frankenstein was republished, Elizabeth was changed from being his cousin to his adopted sister. Times had changed and cousins marrying cousins was no longer as acceptable as it used to be (but apparently pining over someone who was legally your sister was perfectly fine).
  • Frankenstein’s monster was actually far more intelligent that his early movie representations portrayed him as being. He was well read and spoke rather eloquently for something a crazed college kid put together.

Don’t believe me? Read the book! Below I’ve posted two links. The first is the link to a free e-reader version that you can download via Amazon. The second link is to a website where you can read Frankenstein online for free!

http://www.amazon.com/Frankenstein-Mary-Wollstonecraft-Shelley-ebook/dp/B0084BN44Q/ref=sr_1_3?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1392838970&sr=1-3&keywords=mary+shelley+frankenstein+free

http://www.pagebypagebooks.com/Mary_Wollstonecraft_Shelley/Frankenstein/

The awesome artwork above is by PReilly on Deviantart. Check out the link to his DA below:
http://preilly.deviantart.com/

Check out my DA too:
http://theprinceofprophecy.deviantart.com/

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Robin Hood: Quippy Thief to Legendary Hero

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Everyone has heard of Robin Hood and his Merry Men. Though the stories that us 20th and 21st century kids are used to are far from legend. For instance, the character Prince John was never even mention in the original 15th century ballads (the first official records of the Robin Hood legend). Though the first “Robin Hood” ballads were produced in the 15th century, mentions of the character Robin Hood have been around since the 13th century. Not many people realize that it wasn’t until the 19th century that Robin began “stealing from the rich to give to the poor”. Though Robin was originally just a clever thief, 19th century authors decided to flesh Robin and his plight out a bit. Thus Robin Hood became the noble hero/charming thief we know and love today.

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The Origins of “Hansel and Gretel”

ScottGustafson-HanselandGreThe story of how the folk tale Hansel and Gretel came about is both cruel and ingenious for the time. Legend has it that there was once a woman who made the best gingerbread in town and all the children would flock to her shop to buy her delicious sweets. However, there was another baker in town who was extremely jealous of the woman’s success.

Thus, to get rid of the competition, the jealous baker claimed that the gingerbread woman was actually a witch who was bewitching the town’s children with her baked goods. Everyone was very superstitious back in the day, so all the townspeople believed the jealous baker’s ridiculous claim.

The townspeople marched on the gingerbread woman’s bakery and burned her alive in her own oven, thus eliminating the jealous baker’s competition and creating the origins for the famous fairy tale.

Facebook fan page for my fairy tale novel series: https://www.facebook.com/ThePrinceofProphecy