Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm’s “The Princess in Disguise”

A KING once had a wife with golden hair who was so beautiful
that none on earth could be found equal to her. It happened that
she fell ill, and as soon as she knew she must die, she sent for the
King and said to him, “After my death I know you will marry
another wife; but you must promise me that, however beautiful she
may be, if she is not as beautiful as I am and has not golden hair
like mine you will not marry her.” The King had no sooner given
his promise than she closed her eyes and died.

For a long time he refused to be comforted, and thought it was
impossible he could ever take another wife. At length his
counselors came to him, and said, “A King should not remain
unmarried; we ought to have a Queen.” So he at last consented,
and then messengers were sent far and wide to find a bride whose
beauty should equal that of the dead Queen. But none was to be
found in the whole world; for even when equally beautiful they
had not golden hair. So the messengers returned without obtaining
what they sought.

Now, the King had a daughter who was quite as beautiful as her
dead mother, and had also golden hair. She had all this while been
growing up, and very soon the King noticed how exactly she
resembled her dead mother. So he sent for his counselors, and said
to them, “I will marry my daughter; she is the image of my dead
wife, and no other bride can be found to enable me to keep my
promise to her.” When the counselors heard this, they were
dreadfully shocked, and said, “It is forbidden for a father to marry
his daughter; nothing but evil could spring from such a sin, and
the kingdom will be ruined.” When the King’s daughter heard of
her father’s proposition she was greatly alarmed, the more so as
she saw how resolved he was to carry out his intention.

She hoped, however, to be able to save him and herself from such
ruin and disgrace, so she said to him, “Before I consent to your
wish I shall require three things- a dress as golden as the sun,
another as silvery as the moon, and a third as glittering as the stars;
and besides this, I shall require a mantle made of a thousand skins
of rough fur sewn together, and every animal in the kingdom must
give a piece of his skin toward it.” “Ah!” she thought, “I have
asked for impossibilities, and I hope I shall be able to make my
father give up his wicked intentions.” The King, however, was not
to be diverted from his purpose. All the most skilful young women
in the kingdom were employed to weave the three dresses, one to
be as golden as the sun, another as silvery as the moon, and the
third as glittering as the stars. He sent hunters into the forest to kill
the wild animals and bring home their skins, of which the mantle
was to be made; and at last when all was finished he brought them
and laid them before her, and then said, “Tomorrow our marriage
shall take place.”

Then the King’s daughter saw that there was no hope of changing
her father’s heart, so she determined to run away from the castle.
In the night, when every one slept, she rose and took from her
jewel-case a gold ring, a gold spinning-wheel, and a golden hook.
The three dresses of the sun, moon, and stars she folded in so small
a parcel that they were placed in a walnutshell; then she put on the
fur mantle, stained her face and hands black with walnut-juice, and
committing herself to the care of Heaven, she left her home.
After traveling the whole night she came at last to a large forest,
and feeling very tired she crept into a hollow tree and went to
sleep. The sun rose, but she still slept on, and did not awake till
nearly noon.

It happened on this very day that the King to whom the wood
belonged was hunting in the forest, and when his hounds came to
the tree they sniffed about, and ran round and round the tree
barking loudly. The King called to his hunters, and said, “Just go
and see what wild animal the dogs are barking at.” They obeyed,
and quickly returning told the King that in the hollow tree was a
most beautiful creature, such as they had never seen before, that
the skin was covered with a thousand different sorts of fur, and
that it was fast asleep.

“Then,” said the King, “go and see if you can capture it alive. Then
bind it on the wagon and bring it home.” While the hunters were
binding the maiden she awoke, and full of terror cried out to them,
“I am only a poor child, forsaken by my father and mother; take
pity on me, and take me with you!” “Well,” they replied, “you may
be useful to the cook, little Roughskin. Come with us; you can at
least sweep up the ashes.” So they seated her on the wagon and
took her home to the King’s castle. They showed her a little stable
under the steps, where no daylight ever came, and said,
“Roughskin, here you can live and sleep.” So the King’s daughter
was sent into the kitchen to fetch the wood, draw the water, stir the
fire, pluck the fowls, look after the vegetables, sweep the ashes,
and do all the hard work.

Poor Roughskin, as they called her, lived for a long time most
miserably, and the beautiful King’s daughter knew not when it
would end or how. It happened, however, after a time that a
festival was to take place in the castle, so she said to the cook, “May
I go out for a little while to see the company arrive? I will stand
outside the door.” “Yes, you may go,” he replied, “but in half an
hour I shall want you to sweep up the ashes and put the kitchen in
order.” Then she took her little oil-lamp, went into the stable,
threw off the fur coat, washed the nut-stains from her face and
hands, so that her full beauty appeared before the day. After this
she opened the nutshell and took out the dress that was golden as
the sun, and put it on. As soon as she was quite dressed she went
out and presented herself at the entrance of the castle as a visitor.

No one recognized her as Roughskin; they thought she was a
King’s daughter, and sent and told the King of her arrival. He went
to receive her, offered her his hand, and while they danced
together he thought in his heart, “My eyes have never seen any
maiden before so beautiful as this.”

As soon as the dance was over she bowed to the King, and before
he could look round she had vanished, no one knew where. The
sentinel at the castle gate was called and questioned, but he had
not seen any one pass.

But she had run to her stable, quickly removed her dress, stained
her face and hands, put on her fur coat, and was again Roughskin.
When she entered the kitchen and began to do her work and sweep
up the ashes, the cook said, “Leave that alone till tomorrow; I want
you to cook some soup for the King. I will also taste a little when it
is ready. But do not let one of your hairs fall in, or you will get
nothing to eat in future from me.” Then the cook went out, and
Roughskin made the King’s soup as nicely as she could, and cut
bread for it, and when it was ready she fetched from her little
stable her gold ring and laid it in the dish in which the soup was

After the King had left the ball-room he called for the soup, and
while eating it thought he had never tasted better soup in his life.
But when the dish was nearly empty he saw to his surprise a gold
ring lying at the bottom, and could not imagine how it came there.
Then he ordered the cook to come to him, and he was in a terrible
fright when he heard the order. “You must certainly have let a hair
fall into the soup; if you have, I shall thrash you!” he said.

As soon as he appeared the King said, “Who cooked this soup?” “I
cooked it,” he replied. “That is not true,” said the King. “This soup
is made quite differently and much better than you ever made it.”
Then the cook was obliged to confess that Roughskin had made the
soup. “Go and send her to me,” said the King.

As soon as she appeared the King said to her, “Who art thou,
maiden?” She replied, “I am a poor child, without father or
mother.” He asked again, “Why are you in my castle?” “Because I
am trying to earn my bread by helping the cook,” she replied.
“How came this ring in the soup?” he said again. “I know nothing
about the ring!” she replied.

When the King found he could learn nothing from Roughskin, he
sent her away. A little time after this there was another festival,
and Roughskin had again permission from the cook to go and see
the visitors. “But,” he added, “come back in half an hour and cook
for the King the soup that he is so fond of.” She promised to return,
and ran quickly into her little stable, washed off the stains, and
took out of the nutshell her dress, silvery as the moon, and put it

Then she appeared at the castle like a King’s daughter, and the
King came to receive her with great pleasure; he was so glad to see
her again, and while the dancing continued the King kept her as
his partner. When the ball ended she disappeared so quickly that
the King could not imagine what had become of her.
But she had rushed down to her stable, made herself again the
rough little creature that was called Roughskin, and went into the
kitchen to cook the soup.

While the cook was upstairs she fetched the golden spinning-wheel
and dropped it into the soup as soon as it was ready. The King
again ate it with great relish; it was as good as before, and when he
sent for the cook and asked who made it, he was obliged to own
that it was Roughskin. She was also ordered to appear before the
King, but he could get nothing out of her, excepting that she was a
poor child, and knew nothing of the golden spinning-wheel.

At the King’s third festival everything happened as before. But the
cook said, “I will let you go and see the dancing-room this time,
Roughskin; but I believe you are a witch, for although the soup is
good, and the King says it is better than I can make it, there is
always something dropped into it which I cannot understand.”

Roughskin did not stop to listen; she ran quickly to her little stable,
washed off the nut-stains, and this time dressed herself in the dress
that glittered like the stars. When the King came as before to
receive her in the hall, he thought he had never seen such a
beautiful woman in his life. While they were dancing he contrived,
without being noticed by the maiden, to slip a gold ring on her
finger, and he had given orders that the dancing should continue
longer than usual. When it ended, he wanted to hold her hand still,
but she pulled it away, and sprang so quickly among the people
that she vanished from his eyes.

She ran out of breath to her stable under the steps, for she knew
that she had remained longer away than half an hour, and there
was not time to take off her dress, so she threw on her fur cloak
over it, and in her haste she did not make her face black enough,
nor hide her golden hair properly; her hands also remained white.

However, when she entered the kitchen, the cook was still away, so
she prepared the King’s soup, and dropped into it the golden hook.
The King, when he found another trinket in his soup, sent
immediately for Roughskin, and as she entered the room he saw
the ring on her white finger which he had placed there. Instantly
he seized her hand and held her fast, but in her struggles to get
free the fur mantle opened and the star-glittering dress was plainly
seen. The King caught the mantle and tore it off, and as he did so
her golden hair fell over her shoulders, and she stood before him in
her full splendor, and felt that she could no longer conceal who she
was. Then she wiped the soot and stains from her face, and was
beautiful to the eyes of the King as any woman upon earth.

“You shall be my dear bride,” said the King, “and we will never be
parted again, although I know not who you are.” Then she told
him her past history, and all that had happened to her, and he
found that she was, as he thought, a King’s daughter. Soon after
the marriage was celebrated, and they lived happily till their death.


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